Take a sentence:
King Lear was aweary of the business of his kingdom, and wished only to end his days quietly near his three daughters.The core or kernel of the sentence is actually a compound:
- King Lear was aweary (Subject/Linking Verb/Predicate Adjective -- describing something about him).... AND (a linking word called a conjunction)
- (He) wished to end his days (Subject/Verb Phrase/Direct Object)....
Prepositions begin the prepositional phrase and show relationship, so you can see that here they are: of, of, and near.
King Lear was aweary (of the business) (of his kingdom), and wished only to end his days quietly (near his three daughters).
To can be a preposition, but when it is followed by a verb as it is in the sentence, it is part of the verb phrase.
Now here's the next sentence:
Do you see how it works? Here the prepositions are: of, to, of, of, for, of.
Two (of his daughters) were married (to the Dukes (of Albany and Cornwall)); and the Duke (of Burgundy) and the King (of France) were both suitors (for the hand)( of Cordelia), his youngest daughter.
To here is followed by a noun, not a verb, and shows a relationship. So it is a preposition.
The basic core of the sentence, again a compound sentence, is:
- Two... were married, and the Duke and King were ... suitors.....
Go on to next section