I'll list the basic patterns and you can read here for more details.
- Any of these patterns can have more than one subject, verb or object -- this would be called a compound subject, verb or object.
- Any sentence pattern can have a verb phrase -- like "has been going" or "will be playing".
- Any of these patterns can have changes in the word order, especially when language is poetic or planned for effect.
- Any of these patterns can be expanded or modified by an adjective, adverb, prepositional phrase or clause.
- A phrase or clause or verb form can fill the place of a subject or object.
1. No Verb Complement
2. Direct Object Verb Complement
Aidan ran a forty.
3. Indirect and Direct Object Verb Complements
(Subject/Verb/Indirect Object/Direct Object)
Aidan threw me the ball.
Aidan threw the ball to me.
4. Predicate Nominative Verb Complement
Soon, Aidan will be a teenager.
5. Predicate Adjective Verb Complement
Aidan is getting faster.
6. Direct Object and Objective Complement
(A rarer pattern -- there is a Subject/Verb/Direct Object but then there is a complement to the object, either an adjective or a noun, telling about the direct object).
(Subject/Verb/Direct Object/Objective Complement)
Aidan made me happy.
Liam's birth made me a mother.
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